熊李娜.飞机座舱显示控制界面设计[J].航空工程进展,2020,11(3):430-436
飞机座舱显示控制界面设计
Design and Research of Aircraft Cockpit Display and Control Current System
投稿时间:2019-10-28  修订日期:2020-05-27
DOI:10.16615/j.cnki.1674-8190.2020.03.019
中文关键词:  飞机座舱  显控界面  界面设计  Microsoft Visual C++  MFC  OPENGL
英文关键词:Aircraft Cockpit  Display and control system  Microsoft Visual C++  MFC  OPENGL
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
熊李娜 中国航空无线电电子研究所 xionglina2006@126.com 
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中文摘要:
      飞机座舱显示控制系统作为人机接口,一直是航空工效学关注的对象,提高飞机座舱显示控制系统的可视性和方便操作性,是其设计时所要追求的目标。综合近年来飞机座舱显示控制界面的相关研究现状,创建一种飞机座舱显示控制界面设计方法,并探讨软件设计中涉及到的一些关键技术。该方法集成在 C++系统 中,在飞机座舱设计的各个阶段分别引入飞行员三维人体几何模型和运动学模型;结合视景仿真建模理论和相 关软件,实现飞行视景及座舱显示控制界面的开发;提出飞机座舱显示控制界面设计的综合评价方法,以及各 种评价指标的筛选与评价体系的确立。该显示控制界面设计方法能够通过模拟飞行员的操作动作与计算视 角、可达性、操纵力等参数,较好地反映出飞行员的运动学和动力学特性,提高了界面友好性、操作直观性、简便性。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: In order to improve the visibility and ease of operation of the aircraft cockpit display control system, based on reading a large number of relevant literature at home and abroad, and integrating the research progress of the aircraft cockpit display-control interface in recent years, this paper creates an aircraft cockpit display / Control interface design method. The design method is integrated in the C ++ system, and the pilot's three-dimensional geometric model and kinematics model are introduced at each stage of the aircraft cockpit design. Then, combined with the visual simulation modeling theory and related software, the flight vision and cockpit display are realized The development of the control interface; finally, the comprehensive evaluation method of the design of the aircraft cabin display control interface, the screening of various evaluation indicators and the establishment of the evaluation system are analyzed in detail, and some key technologies involved in the software design are discussed. The design method in this paper can finally simulate the pilot's operation movements and calculation parameters such as viewing angle, accessibility, and control force, which better reflect the pilot's kinematics and dynamics, which is convenient for improving the interface friendliness, intuitive operation, Simplicity, at the same time, it enriches designers' evaluation methods for aircraft cockpit design, ensuring design efficiency and accuracy; it is conducive to the improvement of aircraft cockpit design.
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