瑚洋,林丽.基于适航标准的飞机风挡加温控制方式研究[J].航空工程进展,2020,11(3):414-421
基于适航标准的飞机风挡加温控制方式研究
Research on Airworthiness-Based Requirement Analysis for Aircraft Windshield Heating System
投稿时间:2019-09-28  修订日期:2020-03-28
DOI:10.16615/j.cnki.1674-8190.2020.03.017
中文关键词:  适航  风挡加温  瞬态传热  设计要求
英文关键词:airworthiness  windshield heating  unsteady heat transfer  design requirement
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
瑚洋 航空工业第一飞机设计研究院 643386036@qq.com 
林丽 航空工业第一飞机设计研究院  
摘要点击次数: 21
全文下载次数: 14
中文摘要:
      民用飞机适航条款要求在预定运行的环境条件下风挡不应结冰或结雾,防止影响机组人员的视界。因此应确保在整个飞行过程中风挡具有足够的热量以使其外表面高于冰点,内表面不低于座舱露点温度。以适航条款为基础对风挡加温系统的设计要求进行阐述,分析影响系统设计的主要因素,包括加温方式的选择、 防冰热载荷的计算和加温控制规律的确定等;利用 LMS.AMESim 软件建立风挡瞬态传热模型,计算某型飞机风挡在不同控制规律下其表面温度和加热功率的变化。结果表明:全功率加温式控制方式下风挡升温速率快,,能将玻璃始终保持在一个较高温度,有利于系统的防冰除雾性能:占空比式加温控制方式可大幅降低对玻璃的热冲击,但由于其加热功率波动非常频繁,会对上游供电设备造成较大影响。
英文摘要:
      A brief summarization is made about the airworthiness regulations of windshield heating system. Based on the related aircraft, the heat transfer processes simulation of windshield which is made of multilayer structures is predicted and characteristics of two different heating modes are analyzed. The results demonstrate that the Full Heating Power Mode could make a high heating rate and then the windshield will remain a higher temperature, which is good for performance of anti-ice and defogging. Duty Ratio Heating Mode could greatly reduce the thermal shock to windshield, but it also will produce significant impact on upstream equipment because of frequent change of heating power. This article explained the airworthiness regulations was explained and the key point of the requirement on design of windshield heating system is provided for the reference of system design and airworthiness certification.
查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器