张静,张科,王靖宇,吕梅柏,王佩.低空反无人机技术现状与发展趋势[J].航空工程进展,2018,9(1):1-8
低空反无人机技术现状与发展趋势
A Survey on Anti-UAV Technology and its Future Trend
投稿时间:2017-12-08  修订日期:2017-12-21
DOI:10.16615/j.cnki.1674-8190.2018.01.001
中文关键词:  低空无人机  安全威胁  反无人机技术体系  反无人机系统
英文关键词:Unmanned Aerial Vehicle(UAV)  Security threats  Anti-UAV technology system  Anti-UAV system
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(61174204、61101191、61502391)、陕西省自然科学基础研究计划(2017JM6043)
作者单位E-mail
张静 西北工业大学 zhangjing11@nwpu.edu.cn 
张科 西北工业大学 zhangke@nwpu.edu.cn 
王靖宇 西北工业大学 jywang@nwpu.edu.cn 
吕梅柏 西北工业大学 nwpuiet@nwpu.edu.cn 
王佩 西北工业大学 jimmy5579@nwpu.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      近年来,随着无人机技术的不断发展与完善,无人机不仅在军事领域发挥着重要作用,在民用领域也得到了广泛应用。然而,随着使用难度的不断降低,无人机在给人们生产生活带来巨大便利的同时,其“黑飞"与滥用也给国家、社会和人民造成了安全危害。因此,对低空无人机进行反制与防护的需求在军、民领域均十分强烈。围绕无人机在不同领域的应用状况,介绍了低空无人机非合作飞行带来的安全问题,对威胁种类及来源进行了讨论;在此基础上,着重对国内外反无人机技术的发展现状进行了深入分析,对现有反无人机技术体系的组成及相关系统的优缺点进行了综述。此外,结合低空反无人机系统研发的智能化、一体化、自主化问题,分析并讨论了低空反无人机中探测与防护关键技术的未来发展趋势。
英文摘要:
      Recently, with the continuous development and improvement of UAV technology, it not only plays an important role in the military field but also has been widely used in the civil field. However, the continuous reduction in the use of the UAV brings tremendous convenience to people"s life and production. At the same time, the abuse of UAV also pose a huge safety hazard to the country, society and citizens. Therefore, the demand for countermeasure and pro-tection against low-altitude drones is very strong in the military and civilian areas. This article focuses on the ap-plication of UAV in different fields, introduces the safety problems caused by UAVs flying at low altitude, and discusses the types and sources of threats. On this basis, this article focuses on the domestic and foreign anti-UAV technology in-depth analysis of the status quo, systematically on the existing anti-UAV technology and related systems, advantages and disadvantages are introduced. In addition, the future development trend of key technologies of detection and protection in low-altitude anti-aircraft UAV is analyzed and discussed based on the intelligent, integrated and autonomous research and development of low-altitude UAV systems.
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