薛然然,李凤超,任立磊.小型弹用涡轮发动机发展综述[J].航空工程进展,2018,9(1):18-27
小型弹用涡轮发动机发展综述
An Overview on Development of Small Turbine Engines for Missiles
投稿时间:2017-08-28  修订日期:2017-10-13
DOI:10.16615/j.cnki.1674-8190.2018.01.003
中文关键词:  航空发动机  涡轮发动机  小型  导弹  螺桨风扇  脉冲爆震
英文关键词:aero-engine  turbine engine  small sized  missile  propfan  pulse detonation
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
薛然然 中国航空发动机集团有限公司 中国航空发动机研究院 251978785@qq.com 
李凤超 中国航空发动机集团有限公司 中国航空发动机研究院 carphrb@126.com 
任立磊 中国航空发动机集团有限公司 中国航空发动机研究院  
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中文摘要:
      小型涡轮喷气和涡轮风扇发动机可为高亚音速、中远程导弹提供理想的巡航动力,是各军事强国竞争的焦点。弹用涡轮发动机具有成本低、寿命短、尺寸小、转速高、增压比低、容积热强度大、起动和点火方式多样等特点,已被广泛应用于巡航、反舰和空地等多种战略与战术导弹。从国内外主要产品及其技术参数、性能与结构基本特点、应用现状、发展趋势等方面,对20世纪70年代以来100~700daN推力范围内弹用涡轮发动机的发展情况进行梳理和分析。指出更低成本、更少油耗和更优结构将是未来导弹推进系统继续追求的目标;螺桨风扇发动机高速性好、耗油率低,脉冲爆震涡轮发动机循环效率高、结构简单,是未来先进弹用涡轮发动机重要的发展方向。
英文摘要:
      To provide superior cruise thrust for high subsonic intermediate-long range missiles, small turbojet and turbofan engines have become the competitive focus for militarySpowers. The turbine engines for missiles are characteristic of low cost, short life, small size, high speed, low pressure ratio, severe volumetric heat release rate and various starting or ignition methods. They were widely equipped on strategic and tactical weapons, such as cruise, anti-ship and air-to-ground missiles. The development situation of small turbine engines within 100~700daN since 1970s is summarized and analyzed comprehensively in this paper, including well-known products, main technical parameters, basic features, application status and development trend. The study can provide references for the research work on missile propulsion systems. Lower cost, less fuel and fewer parts will be the future goals. The propfan engines have advantages of nice high subsonic performance and low fuel consumption, and the pulse detonation turbine engines possess high thermodynamic cycle efficiency and simple structure. They are both important development directions of advanced turbine engines for missiles.
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